What Is Gis
People often ask "What is GIS?" The short answer would be GIS is the modern way to record, analyze, display and share map-based information. The long answer is really long. At the core, GIS is a method to turn data into usable information in order to make a well-informed decision. GIS can be applied to many industries for many purposes. If your information has a spatial component, tracking items for example, you could probably benefit by having GIS capabilities in your business.
In the days of old, locational data was charted by mechanical devices and illustrated by a cartographer. Though the mediums have changed, cartographic principles have not. A good map design can effectively create the impression that you desire.
Today, mapping is almost completely digital. The data is most often recorded in a digital format (gps, imagery, etc.), managed in a database, and exported into graphics, tables, etc. This digitization has allowed the use of computers to do analysis that previously was done by humans, and in much larger quantities than humans can comprehend.
GIS, when utilized properly, will increase an organization's efficiency in obtaining, managing and sharing data. Though the initial investment may be considerable for a small company, it has the potential to help save time and money.
Geographic Information Systems are particularly useful when it comes to modeling data and realizing spatial patterns. Predictive modeling is heavily used in industries such as specie / habitat identification, resource location and retrieval, and sampling. Programming a GIS to identify areas that match specific criteria can drastically reduce the amount of time spent in surveying and interpretating complex data.